Physiotherapy Equipment Used in Physical Therapy

A physical therapist, or physiotherapist, uses both manual therapy as well as mechanical or electrical therapy to aid a patient’s recovery process and prevention. They use a number of physiotherapy equipment to reduce and relieve pain, repair the joint and muscle, and to make the patient more comfortable during his or her visit.

A physiotherapy chair, bed, couch, or table is among the various type of physiotherapy equipment. This is generally a flat cushioned bench with cushioned head support and two to seven adjustable sections. The sections adjust to lay the patient completely flat on the back, or stomach, or can be folded into different degrees to become a chair or exercise table. The physiotherapist uses this to keep the patient comfortable while examining and diagnosing. It is also used while the patient performs specific exercises, or for massage therapy.

For exercise a physical therapist might bring in hand and leg weights, elastic bands, and exercise balls as part of their physiotherapy equipment. A balance ball chair is a large air filled ball securely attached to a small stool set on rollers with back support. The client may use this type of equipment for exercises that require support for less strain on the spine and back.

To relieve pain, acute and chronic, physiotherapy equipment such as a TENS, or Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation, system may be used. A TENS unit provides the patient with temporary pain relief without the added use of drugs, narcotics, or painful shots. The attachments are set on the skin over the affected area where the machine sends tiny electrical currents, or pulses to the nerves. The pulses scramble and block pain signals before they reach the brain and are said to raise the level of endorphins produced by the brain. Portable versions come as battery operated handheld devices.

Often included in a physical therapist’s physiotherapy equipment arsenal are items used in electrotherapy and ultrasound. Ultrasound devices generally consist of a round handheld wand, or probe. This probe is placed on the patient’s skin with the use of ultrasound gel to transmit ultrasonic waves through the skin. The vibration of the tissues produce heat that helps reduce pain while relaxing and repairing muscle tissue. Ultrasound can also produce a pulse for tissue relaxation when heat is not desired. Ultrasound can also be used to give medications that are needed below the skin. Usually used for patients unable to take needle injections. Often ultrasound wands come attached to a large electronic device connected to a cart.

Each physical therapist has her or his own method of treatment. These examples are just some of a long list of physiotherapy equipment used to treat patients.

Finding the Best Chronic Back Pain Relief

If you have been suffering from chronic back pain, you are probably at your wit’s end looking for some sort of chronic back pain relief that will last. There are different types of treatment for this type of pain, but they may not all be right for you. If you see a doctor for the pain, your doctor will determine the best way to give you some chronic back pain relief. His decision on a treatment plan will be based on different factors such as your age, physical condition (besides the chronic back pain), life style, and location and severity of the pain.

Many times people are content to take pain medication for chronic back pain relief. Some people find themselves taking this medication for years rather than finding more permanent chronic back pain relief with a doctor’s help. There are many people that don’t like going to see a doctor, whether it’s an issue of the money, or just an inconvenience of their time. In such cases as this, they will often try every home remedy they can find. When they find little or no chronic back pain relief, they eventually end up going to see a doctor.

One of the first things the doctor will have to do is determine where the back pain is located. Most often people have chronic lower back pain, but this is not always the case. The doctor will look at your medical history to determine your life style and any possible medication allergies. Sometimes, the doctor will order an x-ray of your back to see if any obvious problem shows up. If nothing shows up on the x-ray, they will often give you a list of exercises to do for chronic back pain relief along with a recommendation to take over the counter medications. He may also give you a prescription for something for the pain.

If the back pain is not from a serious injury, the exercises, along with the medication, may help give you some chronic back pain relief. If not, you may find yourself going back to the doctor again. Often at this point, the doctor may order more in-depth tests such as MRI or some sort of ultrasound to determine if there is a more serious condition causing the chronic back pain. In some situations, surgery is the only treatment that will provide the long-term chronic back pain relief you need. The doctors usually don’t recommend surgery except as a last resort when every other method has failed. Many individuals will fight the idea of surgery as long as possible, only taking it when it’s the only answer for their chronic back pain relief. Some sufferers are content to take pain medication for the rest of their lives if it gives them relief, but doctors don’t usually go along with this idea long-term.

Doing an About Face with Low Back Pain

Almost everyone experiences low back pain at some time in their life, and usually it’s more than once. Pain in the lower back can happen to anyone at any age for a variety of reasons.

* Bulging disc
* Herniated disc
* Osteoporosis
* Arthritis
* Degenerative disc disease
* Pinched nerve

There are other causes for low back pain too, including injuries or spine defects. Degenerative disc disease is usually age related. It’s when the soft center of the disk loses water and becomes dry due to the natural aging process. This causes the bones in the spine to become misaligned as the supporting material collapses.

Low back pain can also occur when you injure the muscles or ligaments in the back. The spine itself is not causing the pain, but rather the muscles. Muscle injury can result from daily activities not handled properly. For example, if you lift a heavy object incorrectly, you can strain the muscles. But injury can also occur as a result of something more serious like a car accident or slipping and falling. Sudden falls can cause the spine to compress or the muscles to twist in ways they aren’t meant to twist.

The treatment for low back pain varies according to the cause of the pain. Pain is defined in 3 ways. There’s acute pain which is pain that occurs suddenly, lasts less than approximately three months, and then diminishes as the cause of the pain is healed. For example, you may strain a muscle in your back one day while picking up a heavy box. After a month of hot or cold compresses (depends on type of injury) and careful physical movement, the muscle will heal and the pain goes away. This is acute pain.

Chronic pain is pain that lasts longer than 3 months. It can be pain that continues even after all known causes of the pain have been corrected, or pain you live with due to an uncorrected back problem. Chronic back pain can simply be miserable for the person enduring the pain. The cause of the pain isn’t visible to anyone else, like a broken arm or leg, but it can limit mobility to a large degree.

Recurring back pain is pain that comes and goes without end.

Many times, low back pain is the result of a muscle sprain. This kind of injury is painful, but fortunately the injured muscle usually heals. A sprained low back can result in muscle spasms or sharp pains when you move a certain way. You can get pain relief most of the time from over the counter anti-inflammatory medications and movement restriction for a few days.

Of course, there can be more serious causes of low back pain. They include osteoporosis, disc disease, arthritis and spinal injuries. If you experience chronic or recurring back pain, you should work with a physician to determine which techniques for healing or pain control best fit your situation.

Should you Have Methadone Used for Chronic Back Pain

If you have been a sufferer of chronic back pain for any length of time you have, no doubt, heard of methadone used for chronic back pain. You may have tried many different medications in your quest for good health. When doctors prescribe medications, they have no way of knowing if they will work to help you or what reactions your body may have from the drug. It is almost like a trial and error, with the doctor trying things until they find something that works well for you.

Methadone used for chronic back pain has a good success rate when used as prescribed. It is, however, a drug that is often misunderstood and, therefore, not prescribed that often. Methadone, also referred to as Dolophine, is a narcotic pain medication used for pain ranging from medium to severe. Besides hearing about methadone used for chronic back pain, it is also used for treating a patient with morphine addiction.

Methadone used for chronic back pain may be in the form of an oral medication of used in an IV form. When it’s given as an oral dosage, some of it is stored in the liver for a later time when it is used. When given in the form of an IV, it has much the same characteristics as heroin. One positive factor when you have methadone used for chronic pain is the sufferer is often capable of going about his normal active life without having cravings such as they would have if they were taking morphine for the pain. This is a main reason why many doctors and patients prefer methadone used for chronic back pain versus morphine.

Methadone has been used as a medication for detox purposes and because of this reputation, many doctors and patients are leery when they hear of methadone used for chronic back pain, in spite of it ability to help with the pain. You have to go to either a hospital or doctor’s office to get a prescription for the dosage of methadone used for chronic back pain. It is very good for this type of pain because it’s a long acting pain reliever as opposed to the types of pain relievers that only relieve pain on a temporary basis. This is why it is recommended more for chronic back pain instead of acute back pain. It stays in the system longer than many drugs so you wouldn’t want to use it for short term pain.

Patients that experimented with methadone used for chronic back pain claimed it was very successful when they realized what dosage their body required for pain relief.

Low Back Pain Relief A Stretch or Two Away

Wouldn’t that be a relief? Literally, low back pain relief a stretch or two away? And it can be, but you do need to be pro-active to be able to get that relief when you do experience back problems.

If the cause of your low back pain happens to be related to weight issues, it would be best if you could see your way clear to losing those excess pounds. Low back pain relief will start to kick in when your happy body gets to a place where it can support its “normal” weight. It certainly won’t hurt either if you start a series of CORE strengthening exercises to tighten up the muscles that support your back.

For low back pain relief to be really effective you must be a partner in working with your body to help it find that relief. If you have poor posture, then you need to work on correcting that. Poor posture can give you some nasty backaches as you may already know. If you could correct your sitting, standing and sleeping posture (yeah, that one is a little harder to do) then you’d be able to get low back pain relief.

Other things you can do are preventative for the future and won’t do you any harm. Although you may have heard these things time and time again, now that you need to find out how to get low back pain relief, now is the time to “listen”.

Don’t life anything by bending over. And you see this done all the time. You lift an object by bending your knees and squatting. Keep your back straight and hold the object close to your body. And, DO NOT TWIST your body as you are lifting. If you can’t get the hang of the idea, just try it with something lightweight first.

Got a heavy piece of furniture to move? Then push it don’t pull it. Spend a lot of time at your desk or driving? Make it a habit to stop and take short stretch breaks. Don’t wear those horrendously high spike heels, not unless you want your back to play the devil later or you want to fall over on your ankles. Stick instead to shoes with no heels or low one-inch heels.

And, as much as you might not like this idea, regular exercise is one of the most successful keys to keeping your lower back in good working order. Isn’t being in good shape and feeling good much better than spending your days trying to find low back pain relief because you didn’t do something that could have helped you?

Before you dive into any exercises, particularly if you do have back pain problems and have been seeing a Doctor for low back pain relief, ask them about starting an exercise program. They’ll advise you what to start with that won’t give you grief. Ideally what you’re working for is to strengthen the muscles of the abdomen and spine. Now you know why your Mom told you when you were little to straighten up and fly right. She knew what she was talking about – low back pain relief.